Revise understanding of multiplication
Revise understanding of multiplication and doubling and halving.
Another look at multiplying by zero and one, and the relationship between multiplication and division.
Doubling 2-digit numbers and halving 3-digit numbers mentally.
Some people like to start doubling with the units, others like to start with the tens. It doesn?t matter as long as the method is fast and accurate.
More work on doubling and halving, including larger numbers and fractions.
When we are multiplying by a number ending in 5 we can double the number and halve the other number before multiplying (by a multiple of ten, making it easy).
Use known facts to multiply
Use known facts to multiply larger numbers mentally.
Some people (especially those who still use feet and inches!!) think it is important to know how to multiply by 12. It?s easy ? just add 10 times the number to 2 times the number.
To multiply by 21, just multiply by 20 and then add the number on. (To multiply by 20, double and times by 10.)
When multiplying 2-digit numbers by 1-digit in your head usually it is easier to start with the tens.
Multiplying three digit multiples of 100 is fairly easy, but there are some addition adjustments to make on some of these.
All these questions are about mentally multiplying by 100 and 1000, including decimals.
Using mental methods to multiply decimals by 10, 100 and 1000.
All the questions on these pagers can be done mentally: the important part is explaining the method that was used.
When working out which of these number sentences are true remember that the part in brackets should be worked out first.
Written methods of multiplication
Developing written methods of multiplication, including the formal written method to multiply 4-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers.
Setting multiplication calculations out in a vertical format, ready for the standard method.
We are now moving towards efficient, or standard written methods of multiplication.
Use the standard short method of multiplication with 3-digit numbers, but just keeping to the 2x, 5x and 10x tables.
Practice with multiplying two digit numbers by one digit, using the standard written method.
Formal written multiplication, multiplying 4-digit numbers by 1-digit.
Multiplying 4-digit whole numbers by a single digit, using the standard written method.
Multiplying 4-digit numbers by 2-digits.
More practice using the standard written method of multiplication, this time with decimals.
Multiplying amounts of money (with decimal point) by a single digit.
Multiples and factors
Introducing multiples and factors.
Practice identifying factors within the context of multiplication.
Practice identifying factors within the context of division.
You can get a multiple of a whole number by multiplying it by another whole number. A factor of a number will divide into the number exactly, without a remainder.
Prime and square numbers
Introducing prime and square numbers.
A whole number which only has factors of 1 and itself is known as a prime number.
A look at prime and square numbers using Venn diagrams - similar to those found in KS2 SATs.
An introduction to square numbers and the number patterns associated with them.
Calculations involving working out square numbers.
Further multiplication activities
More on multiplication for Year 5.
Word problems with multiplication.
Use a variety of strategies to work out the missing numbers. A good knowledge of times tables is needed.
A quick look at the concepts of multiplication children are expected to understand in Year 5.
A brief look at written multiplication in year 5.