# Number and Place Value

Counting in steps of 2, 3, 5 and 10. Place value, compare and order numbers.

There are some tough challenges in the new Year 2 Programme of Study. Let’s begin by looking at ‘Number and place value’, which states:
Pupils should be taught to:

•    count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward or backward

•    read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

•    compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs

•    recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)

•    identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line

•    use place value and number facts to solve problems.

Writing numbers to at least 100 in words is a real challenge which quite a few children will not be able to manage by the end of the year. The teen numbers are challenging, such as thirteen and fourteen, whilst when spelling whole tens, forty mysteriously loses the ‘u’.
A key idea in this category is partitioning numbers in different ways. For example:
24 can be split up or partitioned into 20 + 4 or 10 + 14 or even 12 and 12.
This is important to understand as it helps with written addition and subtraction in later years. Also it is important to begin to understand zero as a place holder; i.e. the 1 in 100 has a value ten times the 1 in 10, with the zeros being used as place holders.
Counting in multiples of 3 is a new target, introduced to help later with understanding the concept of a third.
The ‘more than’ and ‘less than’ signs are introduced for the first time; terms which in the past were introduced much later.
We have a great selection of worksheets on all these topics, so why not take a closer look?