# Reasoning/Problem Solving

Year 2 Reasoning

Many schools are using some of the ideas of the â€˜mastery programmeâ€™ as used in Singapore and other parts of the Far East. The aim of this programme is to give children a deep understanding and fluency in the fundamentals of maths. Because this understanding is deep it will not have to be re-taught at a later time; something which happens all too often at the moment.

This new approach needs new resources, especially geared towards reasoning and problem solving. Thankfully we have always considered reasoning to be a key part of the maths curriculum and many of our resources in all categories are designed for this. But we also have a separate category in each year group called, â€˜Reasoning and Problem Solvingâ€™ where you will find a rich source of material.Â

In Year 2 we have a large selection of Â â€˜How many ways â€¦.â€™ type of practical exercises (e.g. How many different ways can you score 12 with 3 dice?) These encourage children to think logically and order their results so that they can be sure that they have all possible answers. A favourite of mine is the â€˜Two Coin Challengeâ€™.

Progressing from these practical tasks are the more abstract challenges such as making 2-digit numbers from a set of number cards.

Finally, take some time out to play the maths games such as Nim which originated in China. They are great at developing logical thinking and developing a winning strategy. You should never lose if you go first!

These pages really are not to be missed and we thoroughly recommend them.

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## Money and shopping

Solving problems involving money and shopping.

What totals can be made from just two coins?

## 'How many ways' investigations

Challenges which ask how many possible ways there are to solve a problem.

## Number challenges

A variety of number problems and challenges

## Further challenges and investigations

More great investigations and challenges for children in Year 2.

## Word problems

Use knowledge of maths to solve problems written in words.

## Games

A selection of mathematical games for one or more players.