Many people find subtraction much harder than addition, but in reality we can solve many subtraction problems by adding, or counting on, and this is one of the ways young children learn to subtract.

Knowing addition facts will allow children to work out subtractions (eg if 5 + 3 = 8, then 8 - 5 = 3).

They will also learn mathematical terms related to subtraction, such as take away, how many less, take from etc.

By the end of the year they will be able to quickly count on and back in ones, twos, fives and tens.

The worksheets below will encourage fast mental subtraction techniques.

Taking away from numbers up to 10, with pictures to help with the counting.

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4 pages

Here we use the subtraction sign. Work out the answer and match it to the number of hats.

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4 pages

Work out these subtraction questions and link the balloons to the correct answers.

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4 pages

Our robot is now a 'take 3' machine. What numbers will be coming out of him/her?

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4 pages

These buses are very full and not all the children can get on. How many are left waiting?

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4 pages

The fairground rides are busy and some of the children are left waiting - but how many are?

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4 pages

The blue and green arrows are flying in formation. Some zoom off, but how many are left?

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4 pages

Take ten from each number and place the answer on the outside of each spoke of the wheel.

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4 pages

The frogs are here again to help with hopping back along the number line.

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5 pages

The boys explain how a number line can really help with subtraction.

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5 pages

We're taking away from 10 here and there's a number line to help if you need it.

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4 pages

Take numbers away from 10 by hopping back on the number line.

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5 pages

Subtract a single digit from a teen.

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5 pages

Try working out these subtractions without a number line to help.

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5 pages

Write a story to match the subtraction sentence. make it as interesting as possible!

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3 pages

Try completing these subtraction number sentences.

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5 pages

Try completing these number sentences. They are all to do with ten!

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5 pages

Use the number grid to help subtract single digits from 20.

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5 pages

Completing subtraction sentences with numbers up to 20.

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4 pages

Use the number grid to help with these subtractions.

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6 pages

It's amazing what you know if you really think about it!

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5 pages

Try completing these number sentences. They are all to do with subtracting whole tens.

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5 pages

Mental subtraction, keeping to small numbers, up to 20.

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5 pages

Mental subtraction using whole tens and teens.

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5 pages